Side Bar

Monday, February 27, 2012

YouTube, Blog, DIY Passive Solar Water heater Channel 100,000 views

My DIY blog is slowly getting popular it is getting maximum 50-60 viewers per day, but on the other hand my YouTube Channel debeshbhattarai’s DIY passive solar water heater is extremely popular it would be reaching 100,000 mark in few days time. So I thought of putting the very YouTube Video which catapulted my viewership to that extent. It would be crossing more than 40,000 views also in a week time. This video explains comprehensive guide on the construction of the very simple yet highly innovative DIY solar water heater. This solar water heater basically consists of a roll of a black pipe stretching as much as 56m in length. Thought we have already posted a video which takes even bigger dimension of the roll that is around 100m, but the one which we started wok in the beginning back in 2005 continued working till 2011to submit in GE ecomagination challenge as an entry should also be here for the blog to get even more popularity.

This video which is around eight minutes in length gives a very detail method of constructing first the panel of mild steel approximately 27 sq ft though it is in circular firm with a slight inclination, and insulating the panel, getting the roll fixed there and then doing the solar with the storage tank. Here in the video we have an insulated tank bought form the self but our other video which uses a barrel has the methods for insertions of the connections pipes at the upper end and at the lower end.

Basically we have not more than five different connection points two for the cold water entry to the barrel one from the water tank and one form the panel and two hot water points one from the panel and to the bathrooms. You also need one to vent. You shall have to put few other stop cocks to make an arrangement when the system get much of water bubbles because of excessive heating in the summer time, but it can also happen in winter. Where, sometime you might have your overhead tank empty and you might use the water from the storage tank into the bathroom or it might just leak at times. In that case one starts getting bubbles in the panel. That bubble will stop the movement of water and for that reason we need to have stop cocks at the lower end at the point where the barrel and the cold water entry-exit  to the tank happens. You might have to open it once in a while. You can use a pump to expel the bubbles or you can open and close that valve many times till you get a continuous flow of water. With that you will avoid having bubbles in the coil and the water heater starts functioning smoothly.

So here I am posting it again for your information the DIY passive solar heater, you can follow our YouTube channel also to get into other details of construction. Watch it and enjoy hot water bathing, you can also help people build this very simple innovation through this YouTube channel and this blog. Bye Bye. 

Hindu Religious Destination, Bahrara Chetra, Nepal

Barahakshetra is situated at ward no-1 of Barahakshetra V.D.C, Sunsari district in the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. It is nearly 8km north from the Chatara township. Baraha Kshetra lies in the confluence of river Saptakoshi and Koka. This convergence of Koka and Saptakoshi known as Kaushiki Dovan has always been a very important religious site. In the immediate vicinity of Baraha Kshetra lies Dhankuta towards north, Dauda and Chatara towards south, Maina-Maina VDC towards west and Surya kunda and Bishnu Paduka located to the east .

Delineation of geographical coverage of the Barahakshetra is different in various literatures. According to Baraha Puran the geographical area of the Barahakshetra covers Ram Dhuni, Bishnu Paduka, Pindeswar and Chatara. As an administrative boundary, Barahakshetra covers from Pachanal to Koka and up to confluence of Koshi . Barahakshetra extends upto Chhintang Devi temple to the north.
Barahakshetra is accessible by vehicular road. Distance from Dharan to Chatara is 16 km. Barahakshetra temple in particular is eight kilometer away from Chatara.

There are three major entry points to Barahakshetra. First, from the east, Kakarbhitta is the entry point. There are many religious places encountered en route. Biratnagar and Janakpur to the south and west are the places from where Indian pilgrims enter to visit Barahakshetra.

'Koka Mukh Tirtha' is mentioned in 'Mahabharat', believed to have been written during 1200 A.D. Thus, Barahakshetra may be the oldest 'Tirth' (Holy place). This implies that for over 3200 years, pilgrims have been visiting Barahakshetra for taking holy dip from India and within the country. In the long run, people started forgetting the name 'Koka Mukh' as Barahakshetra got popular. 

The Kirant Dynasty observed this area as a highly religious place, sixth Kirant King Jete-dastee started 'Kartik' and 'Makar Mela' here and established Guthi to run the facility. The main temple complex was rehabilitate in 1710 BS. King Vijaya Sen (1641-66) also established a Guthi.

Baraha Kshetra is considered as one of the religiously very revered sites in Nepal. As per the Hindu mythology and Hindu religious belief out of the four main 'Kshetra's' (Holy places), Harihar and Kuru-Kshetra lie in India and the other two i.e., Mukti- Kshetra, Baraha Kshetra lie in Nepal. Mukti-Kshetra situated in mid-western section beyond Himalaya near the township Jomsom in the district of Mustang of Nepal has already been established as prime religious and Tourist Destination.

One of the tourism destination we compiled in 2003...from the archive of our religious destination projects submitted to Nepal tourism Board .

This 3d animation tries to depict the surrounding of that area to a very large extent.

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

YouTube, Facebook, DIY, Green and me

For the past one year I have been finding very fascinating things happening on YouTube, As a matter of fact I came to know many countries through YouTube. The list of countries and the people who visit my channel goes beyond one hundred and thirty-eight countries which I would not be able to get through my general knowledge. May be I know few countries like lets say since I stay in Nepal, I would know Nepal, China, India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh. May be I would be knowing United States one of the coveted destination of the world and there is other reason too there are more visitors from USA than any other countries, there are other countries like Mexico, Canada, Australia, say Singapore, Thailand and China but I hardly find any visitors form there but then I find some visitors from Russia too.

What is intriguing here is, I have been started being very fascinated by numbers you know and I have wondered every time I see the watch I see 11:11, 22:22 may be 6:06, 7:07 but I would never see 777 in a watch, which can happen in a movie, but then you know what I can see 11:11. But these numbers, the meaning of numbers has become so very profound in our life that we always relate ourselves with numbers. Every time I sit in the laptop I will always try to find that numbers, in my viewers. The numbers of viewers who visited my channel this particular day or a day back or how many visitors will be there tomorrow. But nevertheless these numbers are rising, I used have 200 visitors a month now it goes more than 15,000 visitors a day…!!!??? AHH AHH AHH a month. May be around 600-700 visitors everyday in my channel and form places I would never imagined to know. You know why there is a very big fundamental reason here, the passion of green, the passion of economy, the passion with DIY has become so very important to everyone in this world that everyone one wants to save money. In fact a penny you save is the penny you earn. And my DIY part of my channel is getting a real wide viewership and this has compelled me to work into many different façade of architecture too.

Being an architect is a difficult job then being an architect with the passion in green is even more difficult. And you know what you do not get greener by simply thinking that you can be green by trying to implement things into your project. Where you would not spending a penny of yours you shall be spending your clients money and but then you have to be very judicious there; you cannot make mistakes. But if you are doing things on your own like I am doing in my roof top. You can see at least three, four models of my discarded items. Some of the items are really being discarded there are two units lying in my house which are simply there because I had to do it for my exhibition,  they can work as good as any other thing which is there on my roof top. And I did my 100sft DIY very recently. That number you know that big number of 100sft was also so very important. Earlier my this panel was only 27sft, then I had to get bigger, better I had to add zeros there and that zero is making 100sft.

Anyway, this is how you know… you try to put across many different numbers to work out an equation where you feel happier, you feel jubilant. Anyway I will try to put few things through the net to make this speech even more illustrative. Let see how it turns out to be, but then my passion with YouTube is not going to die soon, it is getting stronger every day. It is getting stronger every minute. This keeps me hooked onto the laptop onto my thinking onto my passion with music and green. Hope you also follow it.     

Sunday, February 19, 2012

Concise History of Nepalese Architecture

(Extempore recorded in Kathmandu and text scripted thereafter, so never mind some pronunciations)

This is the summary of presentation done in Bhutan Institute of architects Thimpu, Bhutan in Feb 2012 and myself practicing architect in Kathmandu and the general secretary of Society of Nepalese Architects giving this presentation here, Hope You like it.

When we talk about the history of Nepalese architecture it is so rich and full of color, you know why it is because of its people. This country speaks more than102 dialects and it has a big strength of community it has more than 100 different ethnic groups scattered around. This country’s landscape is also very vivid the lowest parts sits at 250m above sea level and highest part culminates at the pinnacle of the world that is Mount Everest we call it Sagarrmatha.

Talking about the history of Nepalese architecture it goes back to as far as the prehistoric period. The very visible entities or the artifacts that we have dated artifacts is at 257 BC with the inscription of pillars at Lumbini and Patan Kathmandu by Emperor Ashoka of India.

The recorded history of a Nepalese architecture real recorded history starts at 500AD with emergence of Lichchavis Dynasty and the country could produce very profound expression of architecture in that period which started at 500 ended at 900AD with the Thakuri Dynasties coming into the forefront. Thakuri ruled this country from 900-1200 AD. The glorious part of Nepalese traditional architecture happened during Malla Dynasties stretching for more than 600 years ended up with the invasion of Shah’s at the later part of 1700 Ad and they continued ruling the country till it was really liberated in the beginning of 2000 AD.

The modern architectural movement in Nepal started after the so called democracy in 1950 but here let me put things into chronological order so as to explain the details of evolution history of our architecture. As I have already mentioned the earliest recorded history was around 257 BC with the inscriptions at Lumbini and Lalitpur. Lumbini is very revered place of Buddhist and Buddhism and that was the place Gautama Buddha was born. It has a treasure of architectural heritage and it is one of the best religious site you can find in the world.

The Lichchavis were able to produce the very important architectural expression at ChanguNarayan on the eastern fringes of Kathmandu. ChanguNarayan Temple was constructed at 4th century and it is one of the seven structure cited by UNESCO as the world heritage site around Kathmandu valley. This is piece of a monument which clearly illustrates the highest level of achievement the architecrual skills of the craftsman and the indigenous community of architects and the builders of that period in the Kathmandu valley.

Second revered site in Kathmandu constructed during Lichchavis period lies in Swaymbunath that is also in a hillock is one of the ancient religious complex. But it has a different style of architectural expression which is Stupa. It consist of a dome at the base above which a cubicle structure painted with the eyes of Buddha looks in all four direction as if they are guarding the city.

The epitome of Thakuri Dynasty in terms of architectural expression is Kasthmandap Temple Though this temple was renovated by King Laxmi Narshimma Malla around 16th century. It is said that this temple was built by the trunks of only one tree. The glorious part of architectural expression in terms of heritage happened during Malla era in that period Kathmandu could get three distinct Durbar Squares. That is Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. This period has certain influence of Shikara architecture also which is evident with Krishna Mandir at Patan. But this period could give us the very distinct of architectural expression in terms of Pagoda architecture with Taleju Mandir at Bhaktapur and different monumental structure around Kathmandu Durbar Square and Patan Durbar Square. But in this short note I might not be bale to cover all of the things but let me put some of the elements of architecture which clearly illustrates highest level of expressions of that period.

Let me start with Pagoda here, Pagoda form is very alluring it starts with the square form at the base and many a times it sits at a pedestal an the Pagoda form gets diminished as it gets higher culminating at the pinnacle with the GAJUR we call it. This symbolizes the connection with GOD at heaven which also resembles mountain to a very large extent.  The other parts of element in our architecture expression is the craftsmanship in the form of wood or the metal that we clearly see in the overhang of the Pagoda and or in the detailing at the façade at the opening levels. So this few basic forms gives a very distinct heritage I would rather say the expression of Nepalese Architecture which still evokes a lot of passion and gives a sense of maturity when we think about the people and the craftsman and the thoughtfulness of the emperors who ruled the country in that period.

Modern movement of architecture in Nepal started in 1950 but before that let me go into a bit of Shah Dynasty which started at 1800, but I do not think it has finished but still the movement has changed and it has taken a dynamic proportion with the evolution of contemporary architecture. During Shah Dynasty there was a bit of influence of colonial architecture with British Empire in India. In that we could see the some of the best examples of colonial architectural expression in Nepal at Seto Durbar, Singh Durbar and to some extent in Dharaha constructed by Bhimsen Thapa’s time, he was a prime minister then.

The modern architectural movement in Nepal started in 1950 with few aspiring foreign architects who practiced during that period, Robert Wiese was one of them and he did Annapurna Hotel and international architects like Lui Khan also did some buildings here like Family planning Building at Kathmandu was done by him and it also illustrates the influence of new form of architectural expressions but he was alos very fond of bricks. That building is still a monument when we talk about the influence of foreign architects in Nepal. And during 80s and 90s we got this International Airport and Naraynhiti Palace in Kathmandu. With the induction of Tourism in Nepal we started seeing the blending of heritage with the modern expression in Hotel’s like Taragoan Regency, Fulbari resort and Dwarika hotel in the earlier part of 1900 or may be earlier part of 2000. These architects were importing the traditional forms of elements and embedding them with contemporary forms. But in one or two places like Dwarika Hotel Kathmandu these elements of architecture has been put across very nicely in the façade as U can see in the picture on the right.

And that movement could really produce some of the new forms of expression in terms of expressing heritage in the contemporary forms in the buildings like ICIMOD and Mountaineering Museum in Pokhara. And As the new architectural thoughts emerged we started seeing the induction of only the shapes in the new forms of expressions by the younger generation like Laxmi Bank in Kathmandu and also in Krishna Tower in Kathmandu Itself.

So the architectural history of Nepal has emerged into has taken a different forms expression with the as the newer kinds of materials started emerging but the influence of glass architecture is also seen at the present context but the fact is the shapes and the scale of proportions are still being guided by the heritage to a very large extent. The inclusion of heritage architectural forms into residential architecture, commercial architecture and hospital architecture and many other architectural relics can still be seen but if one uses the brick and uses some kind of sloping roof or elements that resembles the continuity of the architectural patronage  established by our forefathers but nowadays other forms of architecture too like Himalayan Bank Building at Kamaladi, Silver Valley Apartments at Kathmandu. These buildings deviates form the root of our thought into a more profound forms of contemporary architecture in Nepal. Hope we shall import the elements of architecture from the history and blend it with contemporary thoughts and forms of the modern times so as to give a much better meaning and expression to continue thinking beyond in terms of future.

 I can imagine with the building like this will help the country to be placed into a newer dimensions in the years to come, Thank you. 

Wednesday, February 15, 2012

DIY 100sft Passive solar water heater PERFORMANCE CHART Jan- Feb 2012 and March 21-23rd

DIY 100 sft innovative  passive solar panel with black pipe

The following chart explains DIY 100 sft solar water heater performance recorded during Jan Feb 2012 in Kathmandu. The maximum temperature attained so far was on 10th Feb with the maximum gain of 73.6 F form the lowest ambient temperature of 37.4 and 
where stored hot water in the tank attained  111 F after normal sunshine hours, from 3 Celsius  lowest ambient and recorded storage water at 43.89C at insulated tank of 200 
litres, a net gain of 40.89 degree Celsius

Usually this part of the year 
ambient lowest water temperature stays slightly above ambient air temperature in the morning by 2-3 C.
The ambient air temperatures derived from Nepal Government Metrological forecasting Division

We have been taking readings continuously and updating it too, The highest recording till date obtained yesterday, that is on 22nd March 2012 is 139 F, which is almost 60C. Which has enticed us to find other venues for its application too, may be towards absorption AC....!!!! ????

DIY 100 solar heater performance Jan- Feb and March 3rd week 
            Ambient temperature     
  Day DIY solar reading in F   Gain F   Min   Max F
2012 27-Jan          104   67.1   36.86   69.44
  28-Jan          106   69.5   36.5   67.46
  29-Jan          107   71.9   35.06   68.9
  30-Jan          106   71.5   34.52   68.9
  31-Jan          107   71.4   35.6   68.9
  01-Feb          104   67.9   36.14   68.9
  02-Feb          104   69.7   34.34   68.9
  03-Feb            96   59.1   36.86   70.16
  05-Feb          105   66.2   38.84   72.5
  06-Feb          109   68.9   40.1   75.2
  07-Feb          110   71.7   38.3   78.26
  08-Feb            66   16.7   49.28   52.7
  09-Feb            96   53.2   42.8   65.48
  10-Feb           111   73.6   37.4   71.06
  11-Feb           104   72   32   32
  12-Feb           104   67   37.04   68
  13-Feb            85   46.7   38.3   65.3
  14-Feb          104   65.2   38.84   69.26
  20-Mar           124   73.3   50.72   83.48
  21-Mar           135   84.1   50.9   85.64
  22-Mar           139   88.5   50.54   88.52

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar square lies in the Kathmandu Valley, predominantly a big urban scape a world heritage site is symbol of glorious Malla Dynasty of Nepal. 

The architecture of the palaces and the temple are still the inspiration for the contemporary architects in town. 

The sloping pagoda roof which was transported by then Aarniko ( the famous architect) of Nepal to China and other part of the world are still the dominant architectural form.

The beauty of architecture here lies in the form and the detailing, abundance of the details are evident in the structures around the plaza, truly a marvelous place to visit.

Form the higher elevation one can always see the panoramic view of the Himalayas too on the horizon on a clear sunny day.

About Me

My photo

Professional Architect,ardent supporter of innovative and indigenous low cost green technology for the benefit of the common man. 

Presently working with many different type of Apartments,Commercial buildings, Housing and corporate building projects, including one on floriculture producing roses which purely relies on the sun and the soil but in an enclosed environment. 
We have applied for the pattent of our designs with the local authority,large scale production of this idea needs our consent.We shall appreciate all the DIY projects for philanthropic use and funding.